In the calm between the holidays, the American Association of State Highway & Transportation Officials (AASHTO) has issued its vision of what lies ahead in the new year for the transportation community—federal and state legislators, state departments of transportation and the transportation industry at large. Many of these issues mirror the challenges facing the entire nation: job creation, funding shortfalls, integrating new technology into older systems, aging infrastructure.
AASHTO offers this look at the top 10 issues that will be talked, written or tweeted about and legislated in the year ahead.
Top 10 transportation topics for 2012:
1. Enacting a long-term transportation bill: The eighth extension of SAFETEA-LU ends March 31. The Senate Environment and Public Works Committee has advanced Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP21), a bill reauthorizing the nation's surface transportation system for two years; and the Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee approved the legislation's four safety, freight and research components. Action by the Banking Committee on the transit title is expected early in 2012. The legislation next awaits financing recommendations before moving to the Senate floor. In the House, Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio) and Transportation and Infrastructure Committee Chairman John Mica (R-Fla.) have pledged to move a multiyear reauthorization bill early in the year.
2. Managing in lean times—how states address the problem of the nation's aging bridges, highways and transit systems with stagnant or reduced funding: The situation is obvious: The transportation system built largely in the 1970s and 1980s is deteriorating faster than our ability to keep up. The primary funding mechanism—the federal gas tax—has not been increased since 1993, and states are facing severe budget shortfalls that are adding pressure on their ability to match federal funds.
3. Responding to and planning for natural disasters: From snowstorms and 500-year floods to massive tornadoes, rock slides and earthquakes, state DOTs must respond quickly to natural disasters. In 2012, more planning is in the offing for climate adaptation and smarter disaster-response plans. States also will continue to use new technologies such as the snow tow-plow and increase use of their 5-1-1 systems and Twitter to keep the public informed.
4. Reducing traffic deaths: 2010 marked the lowest number of vehicle fatalities in the past 61 years. Although nonfatal crashes also declined, the number of injury crashes increased slightly. The number of people killed in crashes involving large trucks rose almost 9% from 2009 to 2010, and pedestrian and motorcycle-related fatalities also increased. In the year ahead, look for more bans or restrictions on texting and cell-phone use while driving; new and improved safety features in automobiles and fleets; targeted investments in infrastructure to save lives; and continued public-awareness campaigns about distracted driving.
5. Increasing the visibility of transportation as an issue in the upcoming presidential campaign: How will the candidates address the long-term transportation needs faced by the U.S. in the coming years? What role do they see being played by the federal government? What ideas do they have for reviving the construction industry, a significant sector of the economy?
6. Generating new ways to fund transportation: How to fund transportation will be a key consideration for many state legislatures in 2012, particularly as the cost of construction materials begins to rise after falling or remaining flat for several years.
7. Advancing intercity passenger rail: States will move ahead on billions of dollars worth of construction and improvement projects. In January 2012, AASHTO will issue a new report showing the significant impacts being felt by this investment in passenger rail.
8. Engaging the business community in support of transportation: Watch for companies to become more vocal in the year ahead about the linkage between transportation and staying competitive in a global economy.
9. Serving a growing elderly population, both rural and urban: 13% of the country's population—about 40 million people—is aged 65 or older. Almost one out of eight live in rural areas. Solutions to serving this population will become more necessary in the year ahead to ensure that this segment of the population remains mobile.
10. Responding to new storm-water reforms and other environmental regulations: New federal rules and requirements will require state DOTs to find the best methods available to control storm water and protect the environment, particularly wetlands, while expediting project delivery. Watch for increased sharing of best practices.