When the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) needed to replace four bridge approach slabs on Route 31 in Hopewell, New Jersey, contractor J. Fletcher Creamer & Son had to perform the work in temperatures ranging from 18 to 49 degrees F. To deliver quality results in cold conditions, the Hackensack-based contractor used Rapid Set DOT Cement.
Rapid Set DOT Cement is an industrial-grade, fast-setting concrete that is typically ready for traffic and loading within one hour after placement. The material was chosen for this project because its specially formulated blend includes a plasticizer and an air-entrained additive. The plasticizer is a water reducer that improves workability and strength. Air entrainment provides long life in freeze-thaw regions. The high-performance blend eliminated the need to adjust the concrete mix with additional admixtures to meet NJDOT requirements.
Work took place Nov. 18-19, 2020. To help ensure concrete setting times were not delayed by cold temperatures—which could result in reduced concrete strength—the crew added hot water to mix the approximately 90 cubic yd of concrete in volumetric mixers. The crew stored aggregate and other materials indoors to protect them from the extreme cold.
DOT Cement qualifies as very rapid hardening (Cement Type VRH) per ASTM C1600, Standard Specification for Hydraulic Cement. For this project, compressive strengths averaged 3,810 psi after three hours; 4,900 psi after six hours; and 5,220 psi after seven hours. The high early strengths allowed the concrete to be exposed to freezing temperatures that portland cement concrete typically cannot handle.
Project: NJDOT Route 31 Approach Slab Restoration
Location: Hopewell, New Jersey
Project Type: Highway Pavement
Construction Start/End Dates: Nov. 18–19, 2020
Owner: New Jersey Department of Transportation
Contractor: J. Fletcher Creamer & Son
Project Size: 90 cubic yd
Product Quantity: 30 tons
CTS Product Used: DOT Cement
Editor's Note: Scranton Gillette Communications and the SGC Infrastructure Group are not liable for the accuracy, efficacy and validity of the claims made in this piece. The views expressed in this content do not reflect the position of the Roads & Bridges' Editorial Team.